Landmark Ruling that Holiday Pay includes Overtime

6th November 2014
Landmark Ruling that Holiday Pay includes Overtime image

Landmark Ruling that Holiday Pay includes Overtime

On 4th November 2014 the Employment Appeal Tribunal (“EAT”) gave Judgment in the joined cases of Bear Scotland Limited and Others –v- Fulton and Others; Hertel (UK) Limited – v- Woods and Others; Amec Group Limited –v- Law and Others.

The Judgment stated that all elements of a worker’s normal remuneration (including payments in respect of non-guaranteed overtime) must be taken into account when calculating holiday pay for their four weeks “EU” leave.

The holiday pay must therefore be based upon typical average pay, and not just upon basic hours’ pay (which had been the previously long established position).

All of the three cases before the EAT involved non-voluntary overtime.  Therefore it is arguable that “voluntary” overtime does not count as normal remuneration and does not come into account when calculating holiday pay.

This Judgment potentially gives a significant number of UK workers, who have only been paid holiday pay calculated on their basic hours, claims for unlawful deductions from wages.

However the Judgment has significantly limited the scope for retrospective/backdated holiday pay claims.

The failure to pay holiday pay in full can be brought as an unlawful deduction from wages claim.  A worker can bring such a claim in respect of a “series of deductions”.  In such a case, the claim must be brought within 3 months of the last deduction in the series.  It was therefore believed that this provision allowed claimants to link together a series of non/under payments in order to bring a backdated claim, regardless of the length of time that had elapsed between each deduction.

However the EAT held that if there is a gap of more than three months between any two deductions in the chain, the “series of deductions” is broken.

This part of the Judgment will severely restrict the ability of workers to pursue retrospective claims and is some comfort to employers fearing that the Judgment could lead to windfall payments for workers.

However there might still be a sting in the tail, since the EAT granted permission for the employers in all three cases to appeal this Judgment so the matter may still go to the Court of Appeal for further consideration.  This might take many months if not years to resolve!

If you are an employer who is concerned about the consequences of this Judgment then please contact Daven Naghen on 01775 722261 or email or write to Maples Solicitors LLP,  23 New Road, Spalding, Lincolnshire PE11 1DH.

How Banks are Cashing in on Wills image

How Banks are Cashing in on Wills

Recent headlines have reported how banks are now cashing in on Wills.

During the 1990s and early 2000s, banks offered customers low cost Wills (or sometimes even free Wills) but the small print allowed the bank to charge extortionate rates to act as Executors. It is reported that banks are expecting billions of pounds of revenue from their Will writing services and administering estates and in some cases their fees have been over £12,000 to administer an estate as they look to charge a fixed fee PLUS a percentage of the deceased’s wealth.

If you or a loved one has made a Will through a bank we would urge you to check who you have appointed as Executors and check any small print which you may have signed. If you are unsure then please speak with one of our lawyers in the Wills and Probate team who can look at your existing Will with you. It may be appropriate to make a new Will which revokes any previous Will you have made which could save your family thousands of pounds when your estate needs to be administered.

In the majority of cases, when someone has passed away we can provide the family with a quote of how much the legal fees will be so that there are no nasty surprises once the administration is complete.

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