Employee Legal Representation/disciplinary

25th October 2011
Employee Legal Representation/disciplinary image

Should an Employee be allowed Legal Representation

One issue that frequently arises in Disciplinary Procedures is whether or not an Employee subject to those proceedings has a right to legal representation at the Disciplinary Meetings.  The ACAS Code of Practice, although not binding, provides guidance that a Tribunal will usually expect an Employer to follow; namely that the Employee should be allowed a Trade Union Representative or work colleague to be present.

However in certain cases Employees have tried to argue, under the European Convention on Human Rights (Article 6) that they should be entitled to have legal representation.  Most of these cases have related to Disciplinary Meetings involving teachers or doctors, who as well as facing the risk of dismissal could also latterly be barred from their profession as a result of the alleged misconduct.

A recent example of this is the case of R –v- The Governors of X School.  Here a Teaching Assistant was accused of forming an inappropriate relationship with a 15 year old boy.  Initially the Disciplinary Panel found the Teaching Assistant guilty of gross misconduct and there was an immediate dismissal.  At the same time, the dismissal was notified to the Independent Safeguarding Authority (ISA) so it could determine whether to place the Teaching Assistant on the “barred list” preventing him from working with school children.

The Teaching Assistant appealed against the dismissal using the internal Disciplinary Procedure, and requested legal representation which was refused.  The Teaching Assistant then sought a judicial review.  The Supreme Court rejected his application, since it felt that the ISA would carry out its own full investigation and make its own judgement upon the conduct of the Teaching Assistant.  Hence the Supreme Court felt that the ISA would not necessarily just follow the school’s decision.  As a result the Supreme Court felt that in the particular circumstances that there was no breach of the European Convention on Human Rights by failing to allow the Teaching Assistant any legal representation at the school’s internal Disciplinary Meetings.  However one of the Judges did disagree and felt that legal representation should be available at the disciplinary stage in such circumstances.

Daven Naghen, head of the Employment Team at Maples Solicitors LLP commented as follows:-

“In most Disciplinary Processes, there would ordinarily be no right for an Employee to require legal representation.  However, particularly with professions like teachers and doctors, the answer may not be quite so straight forward since the disciplinary outcome may lead to that Employee being barred from his or her profession.  In such circumstances the Courts have held that the refusal to allow legal representation may not amount to a breach of the Employee’s human rights but I do not think that an Employer can necessarily be sure of this finding in every case.  In cases of this nature, the Employer should seek independent legal advice before accepting or declining an Employee’s request for legal representation at a Disciplinary Meeting.”

For advice on this subject please contact either Daven Naghen on 01775 722261, daven.naghen@maplessolicitors.com or at 23 New Road, Spalding, Lincolnshire PE11 1DH or Gemma Mayer on 01775 722261, gemma.mayer@maplessolicitors.com or at 23 New Road, Spalding, Lincolnshire PE11 1DH.

Who Will You Be Entrusting With Your Conveyancing? image

Who Will You Be Entrusting With Your Conveyancing?


Are the selling agents or perhaps the mortgage broker pushing or trying to persuade you to use a particular conveyancing firm? If so, we would strongly recommend that you ask the following pertinent questions so that, armed with all relevant facts, you are better able to make a reasoned decision:-


Are the agents receiving a kickback or referral payment from the firm concerned? Using a firm in cahoots with an estate agency inevitably leads to a potential conflict of interest. Will such firm be working in your best interests or simply those of the introducer? Here at Maples we pride ourselves on being completely independent and we consider the idea of a referral fee both abhorrent and unethical. We much prefer to obtain our work based on past performance and recommendation.

How Much?

Do not be misled by a seemingly attractive basic figure initially quoted but be sure to enquire about and read the small print for add ons for so called “extras” (such as mortgage costs, preparation of a stamp duty land tax return, telegraphic transfer fees and the like) which suddenly spring up at a later date and only become apparent in the firm’s final statement. Ensure that you are comparing like for like. Here at Maples, we give you a complete and all inclusive rundown of our professional charges and all disbursements at the outset, with no hidden extras.


Is the firm local or, as is more likely, based in a completely different part of the country? If the latter, then the transaction will, without a doubt, be dealt with by post, phone or email and lack any personal contact. Here at Maples we are fully accessible, like to meet our clients to discuss and advise upon the transaction face to face and share with you the benefit of our wealth of local knowledge and experience.


Will you actually be aware as to who will be dealing with the matter for you or will you simply be a reference or matter number at the end of a phone in a firm dealing with volume conveyancing? Here at Maples, you will be assigned to your own experienced and dedicated conveyancer who will be responsible for and deal with the transaction for you from beginning to end, with a high level of personal service throughout.

Making a hasty and bad appointment could seriously prejudice or delay your transaction and cost you dearly. Getting honest answers to these four simple questions at the outset could make all the difference.

To discuss any Conveyancing matters please contact either Claire Smith or Anita Zaborniak of our Conveyancing Team or telephone the office 01775 722261.

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Gemma Mayer LLB

"I would highly recommend Maples Solicitors, especially Gemma Mayer, for any conveyancing work. The level of support and professionalism was excellent at all times. I also felt if I needed to ask or clarify anything that it was not an issue. Buying and selling a house is stressful enough, but Gemma helped me through it step by step."

Anita Toal LLB BA

"I think you are brilliant. You can use my comments above. You are efficient, friendly and quite clearly very good at what you do. Mainly you don’t leave people hanging around too long for." "So easy to talk to her and she understood what I wanted. She put me at ease and I cant thank her enough"

Daven Naghen LLB

"I felt the service I got from Maples was excellent and was very honest all through the process. I would recommend Maples as a first class Solicitors group"

Faye Blair LLB

Faye was excellent, sensitive and acted very well to the time constraints we faced. Great service and dealt with compassion at such sad times made the process less painful very professional.

Jamie Dobbs ACILEx

Over the last forty years I have cause to deal with many law firms both in a personal and professional capacity, including some ‘top’ London Companies. In all of those dealings I have never found anyone as proactive and so willing to offer help and advice as Jamie Dobbs. During the last two years Jamie guided my parents through the completion of Lasting Powers of Attorney. Helped myself with the use of the LPA and recently dealing with Probate and Estate Administration following their death.

Mike Pepper MA

This is the second time we have used Mike Pepper at Maples Solicitors in the sale of our house. We cannot praise Mike enough for the highly efficient and professional service that he has provided us with. He is by far the best solicitor we have ever worked with, and the service that he has provided us with has gone far and beyond anything we have ever experienced. We have found the whole process to be a very relaxing experience.

Claire Smith FCILEx

Claire Smith has been amazing in every way. I highly recommend her and I am so grateful for all her help. She’s professional on all levels, reliable, extremely organised and I will be recommending her to everyone. I’m very lucky to have had her representing me and I can’t thank her enough. She is an asset to Maples. Thanks so much Claire!

Anita Zaborniak

We found it a pleasure to deal with Anita Zaborniak, she was most helpful and informative and kept us up to date with the progress of the purchase of our new home. If we were to move again we wouldn’t hesitate to use Maples again.